The historical milieu in which the eugenics movement occurred in  the United States is essential to understanding what transpired at the Norwich State Hospital and Connecticut. In popular association, eugenics evokes deeply hostile associations with National Socialism the Third Reich and the Final Solution. It can be disorienting and difficult to comprehend the antecedents of eugenics, especially in a “progressive” state such as Connecticut.  It was scientifically grounded reform movement endorsed at a time of social, political and economic turbulence, embraced and promoted as a means for identifying and eliminating the hereditary sources of major human behavioral problems including alcoholism, feeble-mindedness, criminality and myriad other social problems. The Norwich State Hospital was in the vanguard of institutions promoting eugenics as a rational, modern and efficacious solution to societal problems.  Eugenics took root at a time when certain classes, especially among white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants felt threatened and in imminent danger of being subsumed by factors outside of their control. They in particular felt besieged and in danger of  losing their cultural hegemony, overwhelmed by immigration from eastern and southeastern Europe culminating in the highly restrictive Johnson-Reed Act or Immigration Act of 1924 abetted by leading eugenicists. A similar alarm was raised over the fecundity of those identified as exhibiting bad heredity and laws enacted to ensure that their genetic material was eliminated.